Competition entry ‘Transformation of Healthcare’, 2e prize
The landscape hospital is a proposal for the redevelopment of an existing hospital site in Vilnius, Lithuania. The landscape hospital radically breaks with the problematic experience of a hospital as a labyrinthine building,a building dominated by long and never ending corridors, disconnected from the outside world. The sustainable landscape hospital swaps the inside out. All patients have a private room with their own front door along the outer facade, connected to the terraced biodiverse gardens of the hospital. The conventional experience of a hospital visit is replaced by a walk through a green, park-like environment to a private room entering by simply ringing the patient’s doorbell.
On the very inside, in the heart of the building, the cure, such asthe operation rooms, are strategically located. Two big patios bring view and daylight into the operation rooms as an asset for doctors performing long-hour operations. In rings around the patio, less urgent fascilities, such as diagnostic rooms, are organised.
With the curein the heart of the building and the care,as in nursing, organised along the outer facade of the building, logical efficiency is combined with a natural healing environment. Greenery and independence are highly conducive to the patient’s well-being and aid in the healing process. The rooms' entrances are designed as small private greenhouses in order to control the climate of the individual rooms. The warmth of the sun heats the room in the winter while in summer, the greenhouse is naturally ventilated, controlling the temperature of the room in a sustainable and comfortable way. The patient can change light and view by remote controlled curtains; the sliding walls can double the room for guests rooming-in; and the folding facade is designed in such a way that it is easy and inviting to step, or to be rolled onto the terrace outside. Public health-oriented programs, such as a swimming pool, fitness, a meditation room and a restaurant, are located in the large ‘caves’ formed by the building. Two public axes connect this public program with the neighbourhood and the existing neo-classical hospital. The old building accommodates a community centre, a day nursery, a senior club, care homes and primary health care facilities, such as GPs and dentists.
Location: Vilnius, Lithuania Client: Dutch Centre of Health Assets, TNO Program: Hospital Area: 48.800 m2 Status: Competition entry, 2nd prize Project Team: Paulien Bremmer, Joost Huyzer Jarrik Ouburg / OJO Consultants: Twynstra Gudde BV, Marije Talstra, John Dols